ENT Doctor 101: Are Steroid Nasal Sprays For Allergic Rhinitis And Sinusitis Safe?
In the United States alone, there are approximately 35 million reported cases of allergic rhinitis and sinusitis. These two conditions are the main causes of patient’s misery that oftentimes lead to anxiety, mood disorders and depression.
According to the World Health Organisation, allergic rhinitis also known as hay fever is a hypersensitivity disorder that occurs when a person inhales an allergen that triggers an allergic reaction. On the other hand, sinusitis is an acute or chronic inflammation of the inside lining of the sinuses. Inflammation leads to blockage and accumulation of fluids, which form a conducive environment for bacterial growth. Bacteria start to proliferate and cause symptoms such as headache, fever and yellowish discharges.
Ask Your ENT Doctor About Steroid Nasal Sprays
More often than not, patients suffering from allergic rhinitis and sinusitis utilise steroid nasal sprays during remission periods or flare ups. However, some may not fully understand the mode of action of this drug as well as its basic functionality.
People who experience these conditions suffer from inflamed nasal cavity and blood vessels which lead to itching and nasal congestion. These symptoms are extremely annoying and prove to be quite challenging. For those who do not know, certain chemical based processes lead to these symptoms which steroidal nasal sprays inhibit.
Steroidal nasal sprays contain a naturally occurring substance in the body called corticosteroids. Basically, steroidal nasal sprays are artificially formulated hormones that mimic the function of natural corticosteroids produced in the adrenal glands. In cases of allergic rhinitis and sinusitis, steroidal nasal sprays are quite effective in alleviating the common inflammatory symptoms that patients experience.
ENT Doctor Advice On The Risk Of Using Steroidal Nasal Sprays
Whilst the risk associated with steroidal nasal sprays are minimal, these could be life threatening. As such, it is always imperative to seek medical consult prior to taking any medication. One of the most serious side effects of this drug is its ability to increase blood pressure.
Furthermore, bone demineralisation is common in patients who are taking these drugs. Sleep pattern disturbances, mood changes and recurring yeast infections among others are also reported side effects of steroids. However, given all these adverse effects, steroidal nasal sprays remain the most effective symptomatic treatment for allergic rhinitis and sinusitis.